sets

Functions for Set Manipulation

Sets are collections of elements with no duplicate elements. The representation of a set is not defined.

This module provides exactly the same interface as the module ordsets but with a defined representation. One difference is that while this module considers two elements as different if they do not match (=:=), ordsets considers two elements as different if and only if they do not compare equal (==).

Types


set(Element)

As returned by new/0.

set() = set(term())

Functions


new() -> set()

Returns a new empty set.

is_set(Set) -> boolean()

  • Set = term()

Returns true if Set is a set of elements, otherwise false.

size(Set) -> integer() >= 0

  • Set = set()

Returns the number of elements in Set.

to_list(Set) -> List

  • Set = set(Element)
  • List = [Element]

Returns the elements of Set as a list. The order of the returned elements is undefined.

from_list(List) -> Set

  • List = [Element]
  • Set = set(Element)

Returns a set of the elements in List.

is_element(Element, Set) -> boolean()

  • Set = set(Element)

Returns true if Element is an element of Set, otherwise false.

add_element(Element, Set1) -> Set2

  • Set1 = Set2 = set(Element)

Returns a new set formed from Set1 with Element inserted.

del_element(Element, Set1) -> Set2

  • Set1 = Set2 = set(Element)

Returns Set1, but with Element removed.

union(Set1, Set2) -> Set3

  • Set1 = Set2 = Set3 = set(Element)

Returns the merged (union) set of Set1 and Set2.

union(SetList) -> Set

  • SetList = [set(Element)]
  • Set = set(Element)

Returns the merged (union) set of the list of sets.

intersection(Set1, Set2) -> Set3

  • Set1 = Set2 = Set3 = set(Element)

Returns the intersection of Set1 and Set2.

intersection(SetList) -> Set

  • SetList = [set(Element), ...]
  • Set = set(Element)

Returns the intersection of the non-empty list of sets.

is_disjoint(Set1, Set2) -> boolean()

  • Set1 = Set2 = set(Element)

Returns true if Set1 and Set2 are disjoint (have no elements in common), and false otherwise.

subtract(Set1, Set2) -> Set3

  • Set1 = Set2 = Set3 = set(Element)

Returns only the elements of Set1 which are not also elements of Set2.

is_subset(Set1, Set2) -> boolean()

  • Set1 = Set2 = set(Element)

Returns true when every element of Set11 is also a member of Set2, otherwise false.

fold(Function, Acc0, Set) -> Acc1

  • Function = fun((Element, AccIn) -> AccOut)
  • Set = set(Element)
  • Acc0 = Acc1 = AccIn = AccOut = Acc

Fold Function over every element in Set returning the final value of the accumulator. The evaluation order is undefined.

filter(Pred, Set1) -> Set2

  • Pred = fun((Element) -> boolean())
  • Set1 = Set2 = set(Element)

Filter elements in Set1 with boolean function Pred.